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Istilah atau Singkatan Dalam Otomotif yang Mungkin Belum Anda Ketahui

Singkatan atau istilah dalam otomotif


Ada banyak istilah atau singkatan dalam otomotif.

Dan terkadang kita bisa menemukan singkatan yang sama tetapi memiliki kepanjangan yang beda. Bahkan gara-gara ini bisa menjadi perdebatan diantara pada mekanik.

Padahal semuanya tergantung dari pembuat kendaraan.

Agar kedepan kita tidak bingung dan berdebat, kami mencoba mengumpulkannya singkatan dan istilah di sini secara bertahap.

Semoga bisa menjadi referensi yang berguna.

A. Singkatan dengan awal huruf A

  • A/C = Air conditioning
  • A/S = Air suspension 
  • AAV = Auxiliary air valve
  • ABC = Active Body Control 
  • ABDC = After Bottom Dead Center 
  • ABS = Anti Lock Braking System 
  • AC = Acceleration Control for A/T 
  • AC = Alternating Current 
  • AC = Air Conditioning 
  • ACC = Active Cruise Control
  • ACD = Active Center Differential
  • ACEA = Association of European Automobile Manufacture
  • ACSD = Automatic Cold Start Device
  • ACS = Automatic Clutch Center
  • ACT = Air Charge Temperature (sensor)
  • ACV = Air Control Valve 
  • ADD = Automatic Disconnecting Differential
  • ADS = Adaptive Damping System
  • AEI =  Integrated Electronic Ignition
  • AFS = Adaptive Front-lighting System
  • AFS = Active Front Steering
  • AGS -- Adaptive Automatic Transmission Control
  • Ah = Ampere-hour
  • AIV = Air Induction Valve
  • AKR = Anti-knock Control
  • ANC = Active Noise Cancellation
  • AP = Air Pump
  • API = American Petroleum Institute
  • APP = Accelerator Pedal Position
  • ARB = Anti Roll Bar
  • ARS = Active Roll Stabilisation
  • AS = Air Suction
  • ASC = Automatic Stability Control
  • ASM = Automatic Stability Control
  • ASR = Anti Slip Regulation
  • ASS = Auto Start Stop or Auto Stop Start.
  • ASV = Air Suction Valve
  • AT = Automatic Transmission
  • ATC = Automatic Temperature Control
  • ATC = Active Traction Control
  • ATDC = After Top Dead Center
  • ATF = Automatic Transmission Fluid
  • ATS = Active Torque Split
  • ATV = All Terrain Vehicle
  • AUX = Auxiliary Drive Shaft
  • AWC = All Wheel Control
  • AWD = All Wheel Drive
  • AYD = Active Yaw Control

B. Singkatan dengan awal huruf B

  • BARO = Barometic pressure
  • BAS = Brake assist system 
  • BBDC = Before bottom dead centre
  • BDC = Bottom dead centre
  • bl = Blue
  • br = Brown
  • BS = Balacer shaft
  • BTDC = Before top dead centre
  • Bus = Bus

C. Singkatan dengan awalan huruf C

  • C & A = Check and Adjust 
  • CA = Camshaft 
  • Cab/Cabrio = Cabriolet/convertible 
  • Cam = Camshaft 
  • CAN = Controller area network (data bus) 
  • Carb-2V = Carburettor - twin choke 
  • Carb-Elec = Carburettor - electronically controlled (FBC) 
  • Carb-FJ = Carburettor - fixed jet 
  • Carb-VV = Carburettor - variable venturi 
  • Cat = Catalytic converter 
  • CB = Contact breaker ignition 
  • CCS = Cruise control system 
  • CD = Constant depression 
  • CDI = Capacitor discharge ignition 
  • CFC = Chlorofluorocarbon 
  • CFi = Central fuel injection 
  • CIH = Cam in head engine 
  • CKP = Crankshaft position 
  • CMP = Camshaft position 
  • CNG = Compressed natural gas 
  • CO = Carbon monoxide 
  • CO2 = Carbon dioxide 
  • Cpe = Coupe 
  • CPU = Central processing unit 
  • CR = Common Rail 
  • Crank = Crankshaft 
  • CS = Crankshaft 
  • CSA = Cold starting aid 
  • CTP = Closed throttle position 
  • CTS = Coolant temperature sensor 
  • CTX = Continuously variable transmission 
  • CVH = Compound valve hemispherical 
  • CVT (1) = Continuously variable transmission 
  • CVT (2) = Current to vacuum sensor 
  • Cyl. = Cylinder 

D. Singkatan dengan awalan huruf D

  • D & R = Drain and Refill 
  • DDI = Capacitor discharge ignition 
  • DEE = Digital engine electronics 
  • DeNOx = Catalytic converter to improve the reduction of nitrogen oxides 
  • DHP = Diaphragm type feed pump - high pressure 
  • DI = Direct/distributorless ignition 
  • DI = Distributor ignition 
  • DIS = Ignition distributor 
  • DIS = Digital idling system 
  • DLC = Data link connector 
  • DLP = Diaphragm type feed pump - low pressure 
  • DME = Digital motor electronics (Motronic) 
  • DOHC = Double overhead camshaft 
  • DPF = Diesel particulate filter 
  • DPFE = Differential pressure feed back exhaust 
  • dr = Door 
  • DRL = Daytime running lamps 
  • DSC = Dynamic stability control 
  • DSG = Direct shift gearbox 
  • DSTC = Dynamic stability and traction control 
  • DVM = Digital volt meter 

E. Singkatan dengan awalan huruf E

  • EACV = Electronic air control valve 
  • EBD = Electronic brake pressure distribution 
  • EC= Engine control 
  • Eci = Electronically controlled injection 
  • ECM = Engine control module 
  • ECT = Engine coolant temperature (sensor) 
  • ECU = Electronic control unit 
  • EDC = Electronic damper control 
  • EDIS = Electronic distributorless ignition system 
  • EEPROM = Electronically erasable programmable read only memory 
  • EEV = Enhanced environmentally friendly vehicle 
  • Efi = Electronic fuel injection 
  • EFP = Electronic accelerator pedal 
  • EGR = Exhaust gas recirculation 
  • EGS =Electronic automatic transmission control 
  • el = Cream 
  • ELCD = Evaporative loss control device 
  • ELD = Electronic load detector 
  • ELR = Electronic idle speed control 
  • EP = Earth point 
  • EPB = Electric parking brake 
  • EPC = Electronic power control 
  • EPROM = Erasable programmable read-only memory 
  • EPS = Electric power steering 
  • EPT = Exhaust pressure transducer 
  • ERS = Electronic restraint system 
  • ESA = Electronic spark advance 
  • ESC = Electronic spark control 
  • ESP = Electronic stability program 
  • Est. = Estate 
  • Estate = Estate 
  • ETC = Electronic traction control 
  • ETS = Electronic throttle system 
  • ETV = Electronic throttle valve 
  • EVAP = Evaporative emission 
  • EVR = Electronic vacuum regulator 
  • EX/EXHAUST = Exhaust camshaft 
  • EZF/K/L-i/-h = Computerised ignition 

F. Singkatan dengan awalan huruf F

  • F = Cooling fan 
  • FA = Front axle 
  • FA1 = Front axle 1 
  • FA2 = Front axle 2 
  • FAP = Diesel particulate filter 
  • FBC = Feed-back carburettor 
  • FL = Fuse link 
  • FP = Fuel pump 
  • FSI = Fuel stratified injection 
  • FWD = Front wheel drive 

G. Singkatan dengan awalan huruf G

  • G = Guide pulley 
  • GDI = Gasoline direct injection 
  • ge = Yellow 
  • GEN = Alternator 
  • gn = Green 
  • gr = Grey 
  • GVW = Gross vehicle weight 

H. Singkatan dengan awalan huruf H

  • hbl = Light blue 
  • HC = High compression ratio 
  • HD = Heavy duty 
  • HDC = Hill descent control 
  • Hdi = High pressure direct injection 
  • HEGO = Hot exhaust gas oxygen (sensor) 
  • HFC = Hydrofluorocarbon 
  • HFM = Hot film management 
  • hgn = Light green 
  • HO2S = Heated oxygen sensor 
  • HOAT = Hybrid Organic Acid Technology 
  • HP = Hydraulic pump 
  • HS = Hydropneumatic suspension 
  • HT = High tension 
  • HUD = Head-up display 
  • Hyd = Hydraulic 
  • Hz = Hertz - frequency (cycles per second) 

I. Singkatan dengan awalan huruf I

  • I/O = Input-output unit 
  • IAC = Idle air control 
  • IAT = Intake air temperature 
  • IC = Integrated circuit 
  • ICE = Computerised ignition system 
  • ICM = Ignition Control Module 
  • ICSV = Idle control solenoid valve 
  • IFS = Independent front suspension 
  • IFZ = Infra-red remote control for central locking 
  • IMA = Iding mixture adjustment sensor 
  • IN/INLET = Inlet camshaft 
  • INT = Intermediate shaft 
  • IP = Injection pump (diesel) 
  • IRS = independent rear suspension 
  • ISB = Idle speed boost 
  • ISC = Idle speed control 
  • ISCS = Idle speed control servo 
  • ISG = Integrated starter generator 

J. Singkatan dengan awalan huruf J

  • Jet. = Jetronic 

K. Singkatan dengan awalan huruf K

  • KAM = Keep alive memory 
  • Kat = Catalytic convertor 
  • kg = Kilogrammes 
  • Kmb = Estate 
  • Kmb/3/5/Est. Estate 3/5 door 
  • KPI = King pin inclination 
  • KS = Knock sensor 

L. Singkatan dengan awalan huruf L

  • Lambda Lambda value (special test equipment) 
  • LC = Low compression ratio 
  • LCD = Liquid crystal display 
  • LED = Light emitting diode 
  • LH = Left-hand 
  • LHD = Left-hand drive 
  • LHT = Left-handed thread 
  • Lim 2/4 Saloon 2/4 door 
  • Lim 3/5 Hatchback 3/5 door 
  • LPG = Liquefied petroleum gas 
  • LSD = Limited slip differential 
  • LWB = Long wheel base 

M. Singkatan dengan awalan huruf M

  • M + S = Mud and snow (tyre type) 
  • MAF = Mass air flow (sensor) 
  • MAP = Manifold absolute pressure 
  • Map-DI ECU controlled direct ignition 
  • Map-DIS ECU controlled distributorless ignition 
  • Map-h ECU controlled, hall effect ignition 
  • Map-i ECU controlled, inductive ignition 
  • Mass Mass/hot wire meter 
  • Max = Maximum 
  • MF = Maxi fuse 
  • MFI = Multi-port fuel injection 
  • MFI-c = Multi-port fuel injection - continuous 
  • MFI-d = Multi-port fuel injection - direct 
  • MFI-i = Multi-port fuel injection - intermittent 
  • MFI-s = Multi-port fuel injection - sequential 
  • MIL = Malfunction indicator lamp (engine check lamp) 
  • Min = Minimum 
  • min = Minutes 
  • MLUS = Modulated lock-up solenoid 
  • mm = Millimetres 
  • MMC = Manual mixture control 
  • Mono. = Monopoint 
  • Mot. = Motronic 
  • MPFi = Multi-port fuel injection 
  • MPi = Multi-port injection 
  • MPV = Multi-purpose vehicle 
  • ms = Milliseconds - Injector pulse duration 
  • MT = Manual transmission 
  • MTC = Manual temperature control 
  • MWB = Medium wheelbase 
  • MY = Model Year 

N. Singkatan dengan awalan huruf N

  • n ATDC 
  • N = Neutral position, automatic transmission 
  • N = Negative, Wheel alignment 
  • N (bold) Renew bolts/nuts 
  • N= 91 octane petrol 
  • NATS Nissan anti-theft system 
  • nf Neutral 
  • Nm = Newton metres 
  • NO = Nitric oxide 
  • NO2 = Nitrous dioxide 
  • NOx = Nitric oxide 
  • NTC = Negative temperature coefficient 

O. Singkatan dengan awalan huruf O

  • OAT = Organic Acid Technology 
  • OCS = Oil control system (Renault) 
  • OD = Overdrive 
  • OEM = Original Equipment Manufacturer 
  • og = Orange 
  • OHC = Overhead camshaft 
  • OHV = Overhead valve 
  • OMMS = Oil Maintenance Management System 
  • OP = Oil pump 
  • OPR = Replacement parts organisation (build code) 

P. Singkatan dengan awalan huruf P

  • P = Park position, automatic transmission 
  • P = Positive, wheel alignment 
  • PAG = Polyalkylene glycol 
  • PAS = Power assisted steering 
  • PATS = Passive anti-theft system 
  • PCV = Positive crankcase ventilation 
  • PD = Unit injector (Pumpe-Düse) 
  • PGM-FI = Programmed fuel injection 
  • PIP = Profile ignition pick-up (signal) 
  • PLA = Pneumatic idle speed enrichment 
  • PMS = Pressure management system 
  • POE = Polyol ester 
  • PP = Piston type feed pump 
  • PR = Production relevant (factory options) 
  • PROM = Programmable read-only memory 
  • PS = Power steering 
  • PTO = Power take-off 
  • PTC = Positive temperature coefficient 

Q. Singkatan dengan awalan huruf Q

  • quattro = All wheel drive 

R. Singkatan dengan awalan huruf R

  • R = Radial ply tyres 
  • R & I = Remove and Install 
  • RA = Rear axle 
  • RA1 = Rear axle 1 
  • RA2 = Rear axle 2 
  • RAM = Random access memory 
  • rbr = Maroon 
  • R-Cat = Regulated catalytic converter 
  • RC = Reserve Capacity 
  • RH = Right-hand 
  • RHD = Right-hand drive 
  • ROM = Read-only memory 
  • RPM = Revolutions per minute 
  • RPO = Replacement parts organisation (build code) - Citroen/Peugeot 
  • RPO = Regular production option (Cadillac) 
  • rs Pink 
  • rt Red 
  • RUF = Adaptable to catalytic converter 
  • RWD = Rear wheel drive 

S. Singkatan dengan awalan huruf S

  • S= 95 octane petrol 
  • SACV = Secondary air control valve 
  • SAE = Society of Automotive Engineers 
  • SAI = Steering Axis Inclination 
  • Saloon = Saloon 
  • SB = Splitter box 
  • SC = Supercharger 
  • SCR = Selective catalytic reduction 
  • SDI = Normally aspirated direct injection 
  • SEFI = Sequential electronic fuel injection 
  • Sep = Separate 
  • SFI = Sequential fuel injection 
  • SIM = Subscriber identity module 
  • SLS = Self levelling suspension 
  • SOHC = Single overhead camshaft 
  • SMG = Sequential manual gearbox 
  • sp Number of forward gears 
  • SPi = Single point injection 
  • SRS  = Supplementary restraint system 
  • SST = Special service tool 
  • STC = Stability and traction control 
  • STO = Self test output 
  • sw Black 
  • SWA = Single wheel axle 
  • SWB = Short wheel base 
  • SZ = Coil ignition (breaker triggered) 

T. Singkatan dengan awalan huruf T

  • T = Tensioner 
  • TAC = Throttle actuator control 
  • TB = Torsion bar (Wheel alignment) 
  • TB = Transfer box 
  • TBI-c = Throttle body injection - continuous 
  • TBI-i = Throttle body injection - intermittent 
  • TC = Twin carburettors 
  • TCCS = Toyota computer control system 
  • TCS = Traction control system 
  • TD = Turbo diesel 
  • TDC = Top dead centre 
  • TDI = Turbo Diesel direct injection 
  • TPM = Tempomat cruise control 
  • TPMS = Tyre Pressure Monitoring System 
  • TPS = Throttle position switch/sensor 
  • Trans-h = Transistorized hall effect ignition 
  • Trans-i = Transistorized inductive ignition 
  • TSS = Transmission speed shift 
  • TSZ-h = Transistorized ignition - hall effect 
  • TSZ-i = Transistor ignition - magnetic induction 
  • TWA = Twin wheel axle 

U. Singkatan dengan awalan huruf U

  • U-Cat = Unregulated catalytic converter 
  • U-Kat = Unregulated catalytic converter 

V. Singkatan dengan awalan huruf V

  • V = Vehicle area network (data bus) 
  • VAF = Volume air flow sensor 
  • VAN = Vehicle area network (data bus) 
  • Van Van 
  • Vanos = Variable valve timing 
  • VEZ = Fully electronic ignition 
  • vi Violet 
  • VICS = Variable intake control system 
  • VIN = Vehicle identification number 
  • VIS = Variable intake system 
  • VP = Vacuum pump 
  • VRIS = Variable resonance intake system 
  • VSS = Vehicle speed sensor 
  • VSV = Vacuum switching valve 
  • VT = Vehicle type 
  • V-Tec = Variable valve timing and valve lift 
  • VTV = Vacuum transmitting valve 
  • VVT = Variable valve timing 

W. Singkatan dengan awalan huruf W

  • W = Transverse bolts on main bearing caps 
  • WDS = Worldwide Diagnostic System (Ford) 
  • wh Duty cycle - ON time 
  • WH = Water heater 
  • WOT = Wide open throttle 
  • WP = Water pump 
  • ws White 

X. Singkatan dengan awalan huruf X

  • x Cross ply tyres 
  • x1,x2 Number of axles 

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